Milky Way Objects Activity, Part 1: Matching

Jason Kendall, William Paterson University
https://www.wpunj.edu/cosh/departments/physics/faculty/Kendall.html

Below are the list of objects for you to find and name. The different images for a given object will help you in finding both its name and what kind of object it is. You should use various websites below to help you. The Palomar Digital Sky Survey can be actively searched to find the matches. You'll need to use other resources to determine the type of object.

Each object was imaged with a blue filter, a red filter, and an infrared filter. All of the images below are one degree on a side. Each image is unique. It is a process of elimination to discover the type of object. You'll also notice that in some filters, the object is brighter than in others. That appearance will be a clue to the object's nature. For instance, notice that M1 is bright in all three filters, but the Pelican is distinctly not. When you compare M38's three images, one is brighter, showing the stars more clearly. Noticing these differences will be important for part 2 of this laboratory exercise.

Web Links

Do the lab first, and when you're done, and have created a Word Doc or some other typed out format, start up the test. Then, copy your answers into it as you go.

Click on an image to get it in a high-resolution format. You need to search for your objects on the Digitized Sky Survey. Go to that website, and enter the name of the object. Click "Get Coordinates", then at the bottom, choose "GIF" rather than "FITS". Also make the width equal to 60 and the height equal to 60 (arcminutes.) Choose from Red, Blue, or IR from the POSS2 survey. Then click on "Retrieve Image". Match that image with the ones below. You can also try it the hard way by matching it in Google searches. But, that takes a lot longer.

Your Notes
NameNumberTypeOther Names
Barnard 68
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color ESO WIKI
Barnard 163
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO APOD
Cone Nebula
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO ESO AAO WIKI
Cygnus X-1
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO Chandra WIKI
IC 434
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO AAO Hubble WIKI
IC 1396
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO NOAO WIKI
IC 1805
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO WIKI
IC 1848
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color APOD WIKI
IC 4604
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NS JT
IC 5070
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO APOD NS WIKI
IC 5146
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color APOD S&T WS WIKI
LDN (Lynd) 977
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color SIM WS IOS
Messier 1
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color ESO HST NOAO CS WS
Messier 2
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO APOD CS
Messier 3
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO APOD CS
Messier 8
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO ESO APOD CS
Messier 13
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO ESO APOD CS
Messier 16
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color HST NOAO AAO ESO APOD CS
Messier 17
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO AAO Gem ESO APOD HST CS
Messier 20
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO AAO ESO APOD HST CS
Messier 29
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO CS WIKI
Messier 35
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO ESO APOD W CS
Messier 36
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO APOD WIKI CS
Messier 38
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO APOD CS WIKI
Messier 39
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO ESO APOD CS
Messier 41
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO APOD WIKI CS
Messier 53
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO ESO WIKI CS
Messier 57
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO APOD HST CS WIKI
Messier 62
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color CS WIKI
Messier 67
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO AAO ESO APOD WIKI CS
Messier 75
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO CS WIKI
Messier 79
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO HST WIKI CS
Messier 80
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO ESO APOD HST WIKI CS
Messier 92
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO APOD CS WIKI
NGC 40
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO HST WIKI CS
NGC 246
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color APOD WIKI CS
NGC 281
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO AAO APOD APOD HST WIKI CS
NGC 457
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO WIKI CS
NGC 663
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color WIKI CS
NGC 752
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color APOD WIKI CS
NGC 869
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO ESO APOD WIKI CS
NGC 896
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color APOD WIKI CS
NGC 1973
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color AAO APOD WIKI
NGC 1980
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color WIKI CS
NGC 2024
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color AAO ESO APOD APOD WIKU CS
NGC 2237
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO AAO APOD WIKI CS
NGC 2261
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO AAO APOD HST
NGC 2264
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO AAO ESO APOD HST CS
NGC 2281
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color WIKI CS
NGC 2301
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color AM WIKI
NGC 2359
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color AAO ESO APOD CS
NGC 2392
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color APOD HST CS
NGC 2736
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color ESO ESO APOD HST CS
NGC 2808
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color HST WIKI CS
NGC 3242
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color APOD WIKI CS
NGC 4361
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color APOD WIKI CS
NGC 5139
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO ESO APOD HST CS
NGC 5694
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color WIKI
NGC 6541
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color WIKI
NGC 6543
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color APOD APOD HST CS WIKI
NGC 6709
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color WIKI
NGC 6811
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color WIKI
NGC 6826
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color APOD HST WIKI CS
NGC 6883
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color CS
NGC 6888
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO APOD HST WIKI CS
NGC 6910
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color APOD WIKI
NGC 6934
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO GEM APOD WIKI CS
NGC 6960
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO APOD HST CS WIKI
NGC 6992
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO APOD APOD CS WIKI
NGC 7000
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color ESO APOD WIKI CS
NGC 7008
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color APOD WIKI CS
NGC 7009
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO ESO GEM APOD HST CS WIKI
NGC 7023
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color AAO APOD WIKI CS
NGC 7243
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color WIKI
NGC 7293
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO ESO APOD HST CS WIKI
NGC 7635
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color NOAO APOD HST CS WIKI
NGC 7686
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color WIKI CS
NGC 7789
DSS Blue, Red, IR
Color APOD WIKI CS
Objects to Identify
Number Blue Red Infrared
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179

Acknowledgements for the images used in this exercise

The Digitized Sky Survey was produced at the Space Telescope Science Institute under U.S. Government grant NAG W-2166. The images of these surveys are based on photographic data obtained using the Oschin Schmidt Telescope on Palomar Mountain and the UK Schmidt Telescope. The plates were processed into the present compressed digital form with the permission of these institutions.

The Second Palomar Observatory Sky Survey (POSS-II) was made by the California Institute of Technology with funds from the National Science Foundation, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Geographic Society, the Sloan Foundation, the Samuel Oschin Foundation, and the Eastman Kodak Corporation. The Oschin Schmidt Telescope is operated by the California Institute of Technology and Palomar Observatory.

The UK Schmidt Telescope was operated by the Royal Observatory Edinburgh, with funding from the UK Science and Engineering Research Council (later the UK, Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council ), until 1988 June, and thereafter by the Anglo-Australian Observatory. The blue plates of the southern Sky Atlas and its Equatorial Extension (together known as the SERC-J), the near-IR plates (SERC-I), as well as the Equatorial Red (ER), and the Second Epoch [red] Survey (SES) were all taken with the UK Schmidt telescope at the AAO.

All images labelled with NOAO are courtesy of National Optical Astronomy Observatory/Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy/National Science Foundation.

All images labelled with AAO copyrighted by the Australian Astronomical Observatory, with photographs by David Malin.